Updated: Oct 31, 2019
By: Rafael Nuñez.
When learning a new language, we must take any opportunity to practice and learn new vocabulary. If you are celebrating Halloween this year, why don't do it in Spanish?
Here is a list of all things Halloween in Spanish to get ready for this celebration.
Noche de brujas - Halloween. Literally translates as Witches' Night, and Día de Brujas, Witches' Day, is also used.
Calabaza or auyama - Pumpkin. In Latin America auyama is mainly used to make soups and salads.
Linterna de Jack - Jack o’ lantern. In some countries of South America and the Caribbean, it is also named the devil's pumpkin (la calabaza del diablo).
Disfraces aterradores - Scary costumes.
Fantasma - Ghost. It is synonymous with “alma en pena” (damned souls).
Monstruo - Monster.
Duende or gnomo - Goblin (gnome).
Murciélago - Bat.
La magia - Magic. Something magical is mágico.
Vampiro - Vampire. In Central America is known as “el chupa sangre” (bloodsucker).
Máscara - Mask.
Espantapájaros - Scarecrow. It literally translates as scare birds. Hombre de paja, straw man is also used.
Esqueleto - Skeleton.
Zombi or “muerto viviente” - Zombie (living dead). It can be used to refer to a person
who walks half asleep or awkwardly and slowly.
Momia - Mummy.
Brujo or “hechicero” - Warlock (sorcerer). Practitioners of Santería have much in common
with brujas and brujos. Santería is a religion of the Caribbean developed by people of West African descent.
Casa embrujada - Haunted house.
Calavera - Skull. Calaveras is widely used in Mexico for the celebration of El día de los Muertos, which is celebrated one day after Halloween (November 1st and 2nd).
Cementerio or “camposanto” - Graveyard/cemetery.
Urna, féretro or ataúd - Coffin (casket).
Esculpir or tallar calabazas - Carve pumpkins. In Latin America people usually buy plastic pumpkins already designed for Halloween.
Disfrazarse - To wear a costume. Ex: "Esta noche de brujas me he difrazado de Frankenstein." - This Halloween I dressed up as Frankenstein.
Dulce o truco or truco o trato - Trick or treat. The English phrase is often used as well. Truco is often translated as a "trick," such as the magic trick. Trato, on the other hand, normally is a contract or agreement. It doesn't mean "treat," although it can mean "treatment" when it refers to the way someone treats someone else.
Even though Halloween is not a tradition in Spain or Latin America, this celebration has increased over the years in countries like Chile, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela, and Colombia. Are you celebrating Halloween this year? What are you gonna wear?
Pst... We challenge you to leave your comments using the vocabulary in Spanish.
Feliz Noche de Brujas, for everybody.